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Analyse historique et paléoanthropologique des cimetières du groupe épiscopal de Rouen : la Cour d'Albane et la Cour des Maçons (Xe - XIVe siècle)

Abstract : The excavation, the process of the datas recorded and the skeleton’s study in laboratory put together complementary informations allowing a better approach of past populations. Begun in a historical perspective, in correspondence with the archaeological evolutions observed during the excavation, a synthesis of the Norman funeral practices from the Xth to the XIVth century was carried out from the archaeological material of the episcopal church of Rouen (‘Cour d’Albane’, in the north of the cathedral, ‘Cour des Maçons’ in the south). The history of the episcopal church, based on diverse documentary sources (textual, architectural, archaeological) is used at first to determine the sociocultural environment of the population living around the cathedral. Diachronic comparisons of the funeral practices are established to determine typochronological and topochronological evolutions within these cemeteries (diversity of the burial practices according to age, sex or social status). A paleobiological analysis of the individuals is made to characterize one or several populations and to facilitate the recognition of family or social groups. The demography of the deceased population is also landed (life expectation at birth, level of infant mortality or distribution by age groups) and comparisons by period help to perceive the evolutions, the improvements or the pejorations of the life conditions. A first paleopathological inventory is finally realised to determine the health state, the diet and the occupations of these populations.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03236594
Contributor : Cécile Chapelain de Seréville-Niel <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 12:21:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 3:28:18 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03236594, version 1

Citation

Cécile Chapelain de Seréville-Niel. Analyse historique et paléoanthropologique des cimetières du groupe épiscopal de Rouen : la Cour d'Albane et la Cour des Maçons (Xe - XIVe siècle). Démographie. Université Caen Basse Normandie, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-03236594⟩

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