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Income inequality of rural households in Madagascar

Abstract : Madagascar is a country rich in natural resources, but its population is poor and lives in a significant income gap. This thesis deals with the issue of "household income inequalities in rural areas in Madagascar", in order to clarify this phenomenon which, on the one hand, ruin the rural population and on the other hand, weakens the country's stability and the economic performance. Covering a five-year period of repeated observations, this thesis focuses on data from 667 households, from a balanced panel. The thesis traces the calculation process of farmers’ income and “inequality threshold”. Adopting linear and non-linear models, it endeavors to specify and estimate determinants that increase or reduce the wealth gap within and between observatories of the Central East Coast of Madagascar.Income inequalities of rural households are found in Betsimisaraka society. They are multifaceted. More than eight out of ten households live in the “area of unequal poors”. The farmers in Mahanoro are poorer and suffer more inequalities than in Fénérive Est. However, inside the observatory, the situation slightly tends to increase over time. For a rather homogeneous population living in alarming poverty, the inequalities between poor households are not too high. The results of econometric models argue that the good annual production of rice reduces income disparities, whereas the feminine gender and the education level of the household head, the small size of rice area along with the investment, the financial deposit, the hoarding, the "No savings", the debt, the secondary income, the GDP and the political crisis contribute to greater income inequalities.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 12:30:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 12:34:05 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02361323, version 1


Césaire Mbima. Income inequality of rural households in Madagascar. Humanities and Social Sciences. Université de Rouen Normandie, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-02361323⟩



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