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Oralité et éducation, la parole et le vivant au cœur de l'idéal éducatif

Abstract : The French education system is founded on the republican model and its school culture is based on the written word. Although school is concerned about the command of the written word from an earlier age, for the last decade, school curricula have insisted on the importance of speech. Such institutional insistence leads us to wonder about the connection between orality and education. What is the specific nature of oral expression at school? What part has it played in the history of French education? Why has school culture created a tension between oral expression and the written word? History enables us to understand that the republican ideal was based on the value of the written word. However, the history of pedagogical ideas shows that some school systems have been based on opposite values. Notably those which placed oral expression and living experience at the core of their education ideals. The existence of a network of pedagogues who all believed in the same concept, the concept of “living speech”, raises questions about the representation of orality in education. From school oral expression to ‘living speech ‘, such an evolution allows to see the anthropological dimension of oral expression and to have a new understanding of what is commonly called oral expression in education. If we connect together various paradigms which are generally distinct, in this work oral expression then appears as a pedagogical value and not an obstacle. This has allowed to introduce a new idea, which is that of an anthropological pedagogy, which enables to understand the importance of living experience by connecting orality and education.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01948536, version 1


Roberte Langlois. Oralité et éducation, la parole et le vivant au cœur de l'idéal éducatif. Education. Université de Rouen, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009ROUEL004⟩. ⟨tel-01948536⟩



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