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Prospérité et reconversion économique du port de Caen 1850-2010. Acteurs et enjeux pour la ville et la région.

Abstract : On August 23, 1857, Caen opened the channel that replaces the Orne river to connect its port to the sea creating new opportunities. Its elites supporting the project aren't disappointed by the result. This "tool" allows Caen city to bring out a commercial flair and re birth Basse Normandy iron ore mining around 1875. A German entrepreneur, Baron Thyssen, invests himself in these new opportunities. He participated in defining a new way of producing Steel and Cast Iron: Coastal Siderurgy, taking advantage of local exploitation of iron ore and imports of English coal. The plant is located at the edge of the canal, in the suburbs of Caen. In addition of this triptych, the "Société Navale Caennaise" was created in 1903. It ensures the imports of hard coal for energy needs, and the export of manufactured products. Nevertheless, it does not transform Caen into an industrial port city. During the second half of the XXe century and after evolving during a century, the channel loses a part of its purpose with the disappearance of the "pillars" of port activity. Its futur is still able to federate local economic and political actors essentially based on tourism, which contemporary constitute the basis of its activity, at the estuary of the channel in Ouistreham. This study that describes 160 years of activity, the couple constitued by the canal and the port has not revolutionised the city but who has always managed to evolve regardless of the changes to continue existing.
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Contributor : François Biquet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 11, 2018 - 10:32:57 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:13:23 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 12, 2018 - 6:07:39 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01812014, version 1


François Biquet. Prospérité et reconversion économique du port de Caen 1850-2010. Acteurs et enjeux pour la ville et la région.. Histoire. Normandie Université, France, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01812014⟩



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