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Theses

Les précurseurs de la Compagnie française des Indes orientales, 1601-1622

Abstract : At the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century, the English and the Dutch set out to conquer the empire established a century before by the Portuguese who had the control over the lucrative spice trade. The aim of the present thesis is to study the role played by the French in the big economic movement which led the European nations to the exploitation of the East Indies. It is usually admitted that the relationships between France and Southeast Asia did not start before 1664, date of the creation by Colbert of the French East India Company, the only company retained by history. Thanks to French, English and Dutch travel accounts, handwritten documents kept at the Bibliothèque nationale de France, case exhibits subsequent to the facts in question as well as other types of documents belonging to English or Dutch archival collections, my work intends to question this common belief stated above and to make the French attempts to take part in the lucrative spice trade in the first two decades of the 17th century better known. As soon as 1601, a private expedition led by sailors from St Malo was reported by two of its participants, François Pyrard and François Martin. In 1604, a first French East India Company was founded by Henry IV and three more expeditions took place between 1616 and 1622. Despite all these efforts, one must acknowledge the failure of these expeditions and try to understand its reasons.
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Guillaume Lelièvre. Les précurseurs de la Compagnie française des Indes orientales, 1601-1622. Histoire. Université de Caen Basse Normandie, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01658114⟩

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