Metabolic relationships between cities and hinterland: a political-industrial ecology of energy metabolism of Saint-Nazaire metropolitan and port area (France)

Abstract : Highlights  A "political-industrial ecology" of energy metabolism is implemented and discussed  Article methods coupled quantitative and qualitative data to understand the politics of urban metabolism  Metabolic relationships between cities and their hinterlands are based on synergies and cooperation  Urban-rural metabolic relationships are also unbalanced power and conflicts.  Power relationships and hidden flows are strong drivers of urban metabolism.  Proximity and self-sufficiency are strong drivers of synergetic relationships.  The Metabolic relationship framework helps understand interactive "hinterlands-city" Abstract Research on urban metabolism (UM) focuses on cities' material and energy systems by identifying paths and transformation processes of all kinds of flows in urban contexts. In particular, scientific studies aim to trace the origin and destination of materials, energy, water, emissions and waste flows in order to understand relationships between cities and other spatial areas (hinterlands) that lead to political, social and environment consequences. This research paper aims to analyze complex power relationships between cities and their hinterlands. In particular, the objective is to understand the nature of these socio-material links. Are they based on synergies and cooperation, or, on the contrary, on unbalanced power and conflicts? We propose an approach which combines methodologies with the tools of Energy Flow Analysis (EFA) and semi-structured interviews, in order to develop a "political-industrial ecology" of energy metabolism (Breetz, 2017; Cousins and Newell, 2015). We have studied the Saint-Nazaire metropolitan area, which is constituted by an urban area and a port zone. This harbor consists in a complex network of highly energy-intensive industrial sites operating in the steel, petrochemical and agri-food industries. Based on an analysis of energy flows, institutional policies and professional practices, we have identified several situations of metabolic links that exist simultaneously. In conclusion, the metabolic relationships' framework is useful to understand how the "hinterlands-city" relationships shape and are shaped by the city's metabolism.
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [90 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02283250
Contributeur : Jean-Baptiste Bahers <>
Soumis le : mardi 10 septembre 2019 - 16:11:35
Dernière modification le : mardi 17 septembre 2019 - 11:02:03

Fichier

Preprint Article Metabolic rel...
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

Citation

Jean-Baptiste Bahers, Audrey Tanguy, Stéphanie Pincetl. Metabolic relationships between cities and hinterland: a political-industrial ecology of energy metabolism of Saint-Nazaire metropolitan and port area (France). Ecological Economics, Elsevier, 2020, 167, pp.106447. ⟨10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106447⟩. ⟨halshs-02283250⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

94

Téléchargements de fichiers

45