Invasion of intestinal cells by Staphylococcus warneri, a member of the human gut microbiota - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Gut Pathogens Year : 2023

Invasion of intestinal cells by Staphylococcus warneri, a member of the human gut microbiota

Abstract

Coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) are a heterogeneous group of bacteria that colonize different types of human epithelia. These bacteria have a highly variable pathogenic potential ranging from avirulent species to major nosocomial pathogens. Staphylococcus warneri is a CoNS species considered to be nonpathogenic. Here, we identify that S. warneri is a natural member of both human and mouse gut microbiota. In addition, we demonstrate that this bacterium is able to get internalized into human cells. We show that S. warneri efficiently invades several human cell types and, more specifically, intestinal epithelial cells, using actin-dependent mechanisms. In contrast to bona fide pathogens, S. warneri does not actively replicate within intestinal cells or resist killing by macrophages. Together, our results highlight that bacteria from the human gut microbiota that are not associated with a high pathogenic potential, can actively invade intestinal cells and may, in this way, impact intestinal physiology.
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Dates and versions

hal-03962588 , version 1 (30-01-2023)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Robin Louail, Franklin Florin, Sophie Bernard, Jean-Baptiste Michaud, Jonathan Breton, et al.. Invasion of intestinal cells by Staphylococcus warneri, a member of the human gut microbiota. Gut Pathogens, 2023, 15 (1), pp.4. ⟨10.1186/s13099-022-00528-7⟩. ⟨hal-03962588⟩
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