Plasma Levels of Free NƐ-Carboxymethyllysine (CML) after Different Oral Doses of CML in Rats and after the Intake of Different Breakfasts in Humans: Postprandial Plasma Level of sRAGE in Humans - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nutrients Year : 2022

Plasma Levels of Free NƐ-Carboxymethyllysine (CML) after Different Oral Doses of CML in Rats and after the Intake of Different Breakfasts in Humans: Postprandial Plasma Level of sRAGE in Humans

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Pauline Anton
Carine Delayre-Orthez

Abstract

N-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) and other dietary advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are chemically modified amino acids with potential toxicological effects putatively related to their affinity with the receptor for AGEs (RAGE). The goal of this study was to determine the postprandial kinetics of CML in both rodents and humans and, in the latter, to evaluate their relationship with the soluble RAGE isoforms (sRAGE). Four gavage solutions containing different forms of CML were given to rats, and blood was collected over 8 h. Three different breakfasts containing dietary CML (dCML) were administered to 20 healthy volunteers, and blood was collected over 2 h. Concentrations of CML, CEL, and lysine were quantified in plasma and human meals by LC-MS/MS, and sRAGE was determined in human plasma by ELISA. The results showed that dCML did not affect the concentrations of circulating protein-bound CML and that only free CML increased in plasma, with a postprandial peak at 90 to 120 min. In humans, the postprandial plasmatic sRAGE concentration decreased independently of the dAGE content of the breakfasts. This study confirms reports of the inverse postprandial relationship between plasmatic free CML and sRAGE, though this requires further investigation for causality to be established.

Dates and versions

hal-03673610 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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Cynthia Helou, Matheus Thomaz Nogueira Silva Lima, Céline Niquet-Leridon, Philippe Jacolot, Eric Boulanger, et al.. Plasma Levels of Free NƐ-Carboxymethyllysine (CML) after Different Oral Doses of CML in Rats and after the Intake of Different Breakfasts in Humans: Postprandial Plasma Level of sRAGE in Humans. Nutrients, 2022, 14 (9), pp.1890. ⟨10.3390/nu14091890⟩. ⟨hal-03673610⟩
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