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Cooperation in Green R&D and Environmental Policies: Taxes versus Standards

Abstract : This article compares taxes and standards as environmental policies in a duopoly model where production generates pollution. To lower their emissions, firms invest in upstream green R&D (in the presence of technological spillovers) either cooperatively or non-cooperatively, and then compete in quantities. The outcomes of the two policies are identical when firms do not cooperate in R&D; R&D cooperation under taxes always improves social welfare by increasing abatement efforts and increasing consumer surplus. Conversely, R&D cooperation under standards pushes firms to reduce production, which is harmful for consumers but better for the environment.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03610541
Contributor : Natacha Raffin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 2:29:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 11:42:01 AM

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R&D_2022_02_14.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-03610541, version 1

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Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin, Natacha Raffin. Cooperation in Green R&D and Environmental Policies: Taxes versus Standards. 2022. ⟨hal-03610541⟩

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