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Dynamic imaging of cell wall polysaccharides by metabolic click-mediated labelling of pectins in living elongating cells

Abstract : Investigation of protein tracking in living plant cells has became a routine experiment with the emergence of reporter genes encoding fluorescent tags. Unfortunately, this imaging strategy is not applicable to glycans because their synthesis is not directly encoded by the genome. Indeed, complex glycans result from sequential additions and/or removals of monosaccharides by the glycosyltransferases and glycosidases of the cell’s biosynthetic machinery. To date, the imaging of cell wall polymers mainly relies on the use of antibodies or dyes that exhibit variable specificities. However, as immunolocalisation typically requires sample fixation, it does not provide access to the dynamics of living cells. The development of click chemistry in plant cell wall biology offers an alternative for live-cell labelling. It consists of the incorporation of a carbohydrate containing a bio-orthogonal chemical reporter into the target polysaccharide using the endogenous biosynthetic machinery of the cell. Once synthesized and deposited in the cell wall, the polysaccharide containing the analogue monosaccharide is covalently coupled to an exogenous fluorescent probe. Here, we developed a metabolic-click labelling approach which allows the imaging of cell wall polysaccharides in living and elongating cells without affecting cell viability. The protocol was established using the pollen tube, a useful model to follow cell wall dynamics due to its fast and tip-polarized growth, but was also successfully tested on Arabidopsis root cells and root hairs. This method offers the possibility of imaging metabolically incorporated sugars of viable and elongating cells, allowing the study of the long-term dynamics of labelled extracellular polysaccharides.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03583908
Contributor : Arnaud Lehner Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 22, 2022 - 10:10:16 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 4:15:48 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 6:24:54 PM

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Marc Ropitaux, Quentin Hays, Aurélie Baron, Laura Fourmois, Isabelle Boulogne, et al.. Dynamic imaging of cell wall polysaccharides by metabolic click-mediated labelling of pectins in living elongating cells. Plant Journal, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/tpj.15706⟩. ⟨hal-03583908⟩

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