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Thickness-Dependent Domain Relaxation Dynamics Study in Epitaxial K 0.5 Na 0.5 NbO 3 Ferroelectric Thin Films

Abstract : We explored the time dependence of the nanoscale domain relaxation mechanism in epitaxial K0.5Na0.5NbO3 (KNN) thin films grown on La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/SrTiO3 (001) substrates over the thickness range 20− 80 nm using scanning probe microscopy. Kelvin probe force microscopy (KFM) and piezoresponse force microscopy were performed on pulsed-laser-deposition-deposited KNN thin films for studying the time evolution of trapped charges and polarized domains, respectively. The KFM data show that the magnitude and retention time of the surface potential are the maxima for 80 nm-thick film and reduce with the reduction in the film thickness. The charging and discharging of the samples reveal the easier and stronger electron trapping compared to hole trapping. This result further indicates the asymmetry between retention of the pulse-voltage-induced upward and downward domains. Furthermore, the time evolution of these ferroelectric nanodomains are found to obey stretched exponential behavior. The relaxation time (T) has been found to increase with increase in thickness; however, the corresponding stretched exponent (β) is reduced. Moreover, the written domain can retain for more than 2300 min in KNN thin films. An in-depth understanding of domain relaxation dynamics in Pb-free KNN thin films can bridge a path for future high-density memory applications.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 11:15:17 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 15, 2022 - 3:45:14 AM

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Wilfrid Prellier, Soumen Pradhan, Martando Rath, Adrian David, Deepak Kumar, et al.. Thickness-Dependent Domain Relaxation Dynamics Study in Epitaxial K 0.5 Na 0.5 NbO 3 Ferroelectric Thin Films. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2021, 13 (30), pp.36407-36415. ⟨10.1021/acsami.1c05699⟩. ⟨hal-03526011⟩

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