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Impact of proximity between NiMoS and zeolitic HY sites on cyclohexene hydroconversion: an infrared (IR) operando study of sulfide catalysts

Abstract : This work evaluates the effects of sulfide phase location on zeolite-containing catalysts on cyclohexene hydroconversion using the infrared (IR) operando technique. Parallels between activity, product yield, and surface species changes with time-on-stream and by pyridine poisoning were performed on pure HY zeolite, sulfided NiMo/HY, NiMo/Al 2 O 3, and NiMo/Al 2 O 3 +HY. Isomerization activity could be related to zeolitic acidic OH groups and hydrogenation activity to sulfide phase sites. From the changes due to pyridine pulse injection, intrinsic activities could be calculated for isomerization (1-methyl-1-cyclopentene) and hydrogenation (cyclohexane) routes. The turnover frequency (TOF) value for isomerization is greater by one order of magnitude than that for hydrogenation. Hence, the poisoning effect of one N-molecule will be 10 times higher on isomerization than on the hydrogenation route. Whatever the location of the sulfide phase, the coke is mostly formed on the zeolite. As a 2 consequence on NiMo/HY, the close proximity between acidic and sulfide sites results in lower formation of hydrogenated products due to blockage of some sulfide sites by coke. In contrast, hydrogenation activity of NiMo/Al 2 O 3 + HY is less affected by coke, NiMoS being mostly located on alumina. However, the results show that the close proximity between acid and sulfide sites allows a higher degree of hydrogenation of the isomerization product (1-methyl-1cyclopentene). Thus, the higher proximity has a beneficial effect on methylcyclopentane formation.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03424155
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 12:54:29 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:18:58 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, February 11, 2022 - 6:48:25 PM

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Bruno M Santos, Weitao Zhao, José L Zotin, Mônica A.P. Da Silva, Laetitia Oliviero, et al.. Impact of proximity between NiMoS and zeolitic HY sites on cyclohexene hydroconversion: an infrared (IR) operando study of sulfide catalysts. Journal of Catalysis, Elsevier, 2021, 396, pp.92-103. ⟨10.1016/j.jcat.2021.01.038⟩. ⟨hal-03424155⟩

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