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Development and Validation of the Short Multidimensional Well-Being Questionnaire (SMWQ)

Abstract :
Purpose:
Psychological well-being and health are closely linked at older ages. It is widely recognized that adapted regular physical exercise improves drastically both the physical and emotional well-being and allows older adults to stay healthy longer, with a better quality of life. In the framework of a European project (MOTION) to increase the life expectancy, independence and quality of life of older adults, the aim of the current research was to develop and validate a brief, multi-faceted, self-report measure of well-being in older adults.

Method:
The aim of Study 1 was to establish the factor structure of the newly developed measure using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). The aim of Study 2 was to replicate the measure's factor structure using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), and to evaluate test-retest reliability and convergent validity.

Results:
Analyses allowed generating a model of well-being comprising four dimensions: Perceived physical value, self-esteem and self-efficacy, socialization, and emotional reactions.

Conclusion:
The findings suggest that the SMWQ is appropriate for use with older adults and can help researchers and health professionals to assess the effects of APA programs.
Document type :
Journal articles
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03367259
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 10:21:41 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 28, 2022 - 4:58:02 PM

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Lucile Bigot, Catherine Garncarzyk, Antoine Gauthier, Gaëlle Quarck, Fabrice Dosseville. Development and Validation of the Short Multidimensional Well-Being Questionnaire (SMWQ). The Open Public Health Journal, Bentham Science Publishers, 2017, 10 (1), pp.25-31. ⟨10.2174/1874944501710010025⟩. ⟨hal-03367259⟩

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