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Pyloric distensibility in health and disease

Abstract : Until recently, gastric motility measurements in humans were mostly limited to accommodation (using barostat or 3-dimensional imaging studies of gastric volume) and gastric emptying tests, the latter being the only one performed in routine clinical care. Accurate and easy to use techniques were lacking to assess pyloric function in health and disease. Recently, pyloric distensibility has been developed and validated to assess pyloric opening. Several studies confirmed that pyloric distensibility was decreased in gastroparesis and correlated with gastric emptying as well as gastroparesis symptoms. In addition, pyloric distensibility may predict outcome of endoscopic techniques targeting the pylorus, namely intrapyloric botulinum toxin injection and gastric per-oral pyloromyotomy. Pyloric distensibility appears therefore to be a promising and useful new tool in the workup of gastroparesis patients.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2021 - 12:18:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 5:04:03 PM

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Fabien Wuestenberghs, Guillaume Gourcerol. Pyloric distensibility in health and disease. AJP - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2021, 321 (2), pp.G133-G138. ⟨10.1152/ajpgi.00460.2020⟩. ⟨hal-03329841⟩

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