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Les souvenirs du géographe Véniamine Semenov-Tian-Chanski sur les révolutions de 1917

Abstract : In 1917, Veniamin Semenov-Tian-Shanski (1870-1942) had long been a well-known and appreciated geographer. This notoriety allowed him to find work and a good social standing again after the Bolshevik Revolution, even though he could have been persecuted for his noble descent. In 1919, he founded the Central Museum of Geography, which he led until he was forced to resign in 1936. In his memoirs, mainly written in the 1930s', and ending up with his death during the siege of Leningrad, he devotes a whole chapter to the « first years of the revolution (1917-1922) ». The 1917 revolutions are considered in this work as the beginning of a long process. Underneath the usual soviet wooden language expressions or humorous stories which protect him, the author gives a critical view of the communist cataclysm, of events, which were disastrous for his family and for the country. He shows at what price the Soviet science was formed. A 1921 letter sent to his brother Valeri, who had emigrated to Finland, reveals the distance between the prudent narrative of his memoirs and what he really thinks.
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Contributor : Irène Semenoff-Tian-Chansky-Baïdine Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 10:08:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:20:14 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03261657, version 1



Irène Semenoff-Tian-Chansky-Baïdine. Les souvenirs du géographe Véniamine Semenov-Tian-Chanski sur les révolutions de 1917. Slavica Occitania, Association Slavica Occitania, 2020, 1917 : les révolutions russes, le chantier d'une nouvelle culture ?, pp.175-202. ⟨hal-03261657⟩



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