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Serine Racemase Deletion Affects the Excitatory/Inhibitory Balance of the Hippocampal CA1 Network

Abstract : d-serine is the major co-agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) at CA3/CA1 hippocampal synapses, the activation of which drives long-term potentiation (LTP). The use of mice with targeted deletion of the serine racemase (SR) enzyme has been an important tool to uncover the physiological and pathological roles of D-serine. To date, some uncertainties remain regarding the direction of LTP changes in SR-knockout (SR-KO) mice, possibly reflecting differences in inhibitory GABAergic tone in the experimental paradigms used in the different studies. On the one hand, our extracellular recordings in hippocampal slices show that neither isolated NMDAR synaptic potentials nor LTP were altered in SR-KO mice. This was associated with a compensatory increase in hippocampal levels of glycine, another physiologic NMDAR co-agonist. SR-KO mice displayed no deficits in spatial learning, reference memory and cognitive flexibility. On the other hand, SR-KO mice showed a weaker LTP and a lower increase in NMDAR potentials compared to controls when GABA A receptors were pharmacologically blocked. Our results indicate that depletion of endogenous D-serine caused a reduced inhibitory activity in CA1 hippocampal networks, altering the excitatory/inhibitory balance, which contributes to preserve functional plasticity at synapses and to maintain related cognitive abilities.
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Contributor : Jean-Marie Billard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 16, 2020 - 10:59:48 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 12, 2022 - 10:33:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 6:45:58 PM


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Eva Ploux, Valentine Bouet, Inna Radzishevsky, Herman Wolosker, Thomas Freret, et al.. Serine Racemase Deletion Affects the Excitatory/Inhibitory Balance of the Hippocampal CA1 Network. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (24), pp.9447. ⟨10.3390/ijms21249447⟩. ⟨hal-03072318⟩



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