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The interplay between molecular structure and dielectric properties in ionic liquids: A comparative study

Abstract : In this work, C2-Methylated [C 3 DMIM + ][I − ] versus C2-Protonated [C 3 MIM + ][I − ] Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids containing iodide anion, have been synthesized and characterized using 1 H and 13 C NMR spectroscopy methods. In order to investigate the methylation effect on thermal properties, we rely to three additional thermal analysis techniques. The thermal behavior confirmed that the methylated [C 3 DMIM + ][I − ] IL is more stable than the protonated one [C 3 MIM + ][I − ].The conductivity and dielectric relaxation properties of both ILs have been investigated in the frequency range [10 −2 , 10 7 Hz] and the temperature ranging between −30°C and 60°C. Dielec-tric permittivity studies show that the substitution of the hydrogen atom by a methyl group has a significant impact in both the realε′ and imaginary ε′′ parts. In addition, the analysis of the observed relaxation times for the protonated IL [C 3 MIM + ][I-] showed Arrhenius-type temperature dependence for the temperatures ranging between 20°C and 60°C − and VFT temperature dependence for the temperatures ranging between −20°C and 20°C − , while, the methylated IL [C 3 DMIM + ][I − ] showed Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman-type temperature dependence in the entire investigated temperature range − 30°C to 60°C. The representation of σ″ (ν, T) shows the buildup of the electrochemical double layer and interfacial effect. However the real part of complex conductivity follows the empirical Jonscher equation. The determined dc-conductivity of both investigated Ionic liquids present a new behavior regarding the thermal activation an anomalous thermal activation behavior. It follows an Ar-rhenius relation at lower temperatures and then reach a steady state values at higher temperatures.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 10:41:48 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 3:33:48 PM

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Boumediene Haddad, Achraf Kachroudi, Gamal Turky, El Habib Belarbi, Abdelkader Lamouri, et al.. The interplay between molecular structure and dielectric properties in ionic liquids: A comparative study. Journal of Molecular Liquids, Elsevier, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.molliq.2020.114674⟩. ⟨hal-03015993⟩

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