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Journal Articles Energy Economics Year : 2018

Do announcements of WTO dispute resolution cases matter? Evidence from the rare earth elements market

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Abstract

Rare earth elements (REEs) have gained increasing attention recently for several key reasons: 1) they are vital to many strategic industries, 2) they are relatively scarce, 3) they frequently exhibit high price fluctuations, 4) China holds a quasi-monopoly on their mining, and 5) China's REE policy, which was overly restrictive and led to a formal complaint from the U.S., Japan, and the EU at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2012. This paper investigates whether the announcement of a WTO dispute resolution case has the power to fundamentally change market dynamics. We find empirical support for this notion because REE prices exhibit a structural break around the announcement of the WTO dispute, and show lower variance ratios for all tested REEs afterward. This indicates a tendency toward efficiency, although REE prices still do not follow a random walk. Similarly, we find that stock price informativeness of companies in the REE industry increases after the announcement, reflecting more firm-specific than marketwide information and less governmental influence. Finally, we show that model uncertainty for option pricing models decreases, which we measure by the lower pricing differences among them.

Dates and versions

hal-02983217 , version 1 (29-10-2020)

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Juliane Proelss, Denis Schweizer, Volker Seiler. Do announcements of WTO dispute resolution cases matter? Evidence from the rare earth elements market. Energy Economics, 2018, 73, pp.1-23. ⟨10.1016/j.eneco.2018.05.004⟩. ⟨hal-02983217⟩

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