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Model-based Robust Transient Control of Reusable Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines

Abstract : Reusable liquid-propellant rocket engines (LPREs) imply more demanding robustness requirements than expendable ones due to their extended capabilities. Therefore, the goal of this work was to develop a control loop adapted to all the operating phases of LPRE, including transients, and robust to internal parametric variations. Firstly, thermo-fluid-dynamic simulators representative of the gas-generator-cycle engines were built. These simulators were subsequently translated into nonlinear state-space models. Based on these models, the continuous subphase of the start-up transient is controlled to track precomputed reference trajectories. Beyond the start-up, throttling scenarios are managed with end-state-tracking algorithm. Model Predictive Control has been applied in a linearised manner with robustness considerations to both scenarios, in which a set of hard state and control constraints must be respected. Tracking of pressure (thrust) and mixture-ratio operating points within the design envelope is achieved in simulation while respecting constraints. Robustness to variations in the predominant parameters, to external state perturbations and to the possible impact of an observer on the loop, is demonstrated.
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Contributor : Nicolas Langlois <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 9, 2020 - 7:46:46 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 10, 2020 - 3:34:18 AM

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Sergio Perez-Roca, Julien Marzat, Helene Piet-Lahanier, Nicolas Langlois, Marco Galeotta, et al.. Model-based Robust Transient Control of Reusable Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2020, pp.1-1. ⟨10.1109/TAES.2020.3010668⟩. ⟨hal-02962120⟩



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