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In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of equine clinical isolates from France, 2006–2016

Abstract : Objectives: This study aimed to analyse antimicrobial susceptibility evolution of equine pathogens isolated from clinical samples from 2006-2016. Methods: A collection of 25 813 bacterial isolates was studied, clustered according to their origins (respiratory tract, cutaneous, genital and other), and analysed for their antimicrobial susceptibility using the disk diffusion method. Results: The most frequently isolated pathogens were group C Streptococci (27.6%), Escherichia coli (20.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (7.8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.0%), Enterobacter spp. (3.4%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2.4%), and Rhodococcus equi (1.8%). Of the isolates, 9512 were from respiratory samples (36.8%), 7689 from genital origin (29.8%), and 4083 from cutaneous samples (15.8%). Over the 11-year period, the frequency of multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains fluctuated between 6.4-20.4% for group C Streptococci and 17-37.7% for Klebsiella pneumoniae. From 2006-2009, 24.5-43.0% of Staphylococcus aureus isolates were MDR; after 2009 the level did not exceeded 27.6%. For Escherichia coli and Enterobacter spp., these levels were mostly >30.0% until 2012, but significantly decreased thereafter (22.5-26.3%). Conclusions: This study is the first large-scale analysis of equine pathogens, by the number of samples and duration of study. The results showed high levels of MDR strains and the need to support veterinary antimicrobial stewardship to encourage proper use of antibiotics.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02937827
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Submitted on : Monday, September 14, 2020 - 2:26:25 PM
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Rachel Duchesne, Sophie Castagnet, Karine Maillard, Sandrine Petry, Vincent Cattoir, et al.. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of equine clinical isolates from France, 2006–2016. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Elsevier, 2019, 19, pp.144-153. ⟨10.1016/j.jgar.2019.03.006⟩. ⟨hal-02937827⟩

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