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Design of a large scale outdoor mesocosm to investigate heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons phyto-and bio-remediation

Abstract : Infiltration technics to catch highway and urban runoff are more and more used 1. Thereby, it is a real concern to understand the fate of pollutants in water, soil, and plants in planted trenches dedicated to infiltration to prevent groundwater contamination. 1 To access to the system behaviour under natural conditions better than microcosm experiment offers to, we designed a large-scale outdoor mesocosm experiment. A 2.7 meters-long tank, was divided in two parts: the control (not contaminated) part and the contaminated part spiked according to the method described in Zhang et al. 2 with Cd, Pb, and Zn (at 2, 100 and 300 mg.kg-1 , respectively) along with phenanthrene, pyrene, and benzo[a]pyrene (at 10 mg.kg-1 each). A drain with a diameter of 60 mm was placed at the bottom of the tank to collect infiltrated water (Figure 1). Three similar tanks were built and each was planted with one different species to reach a density of 11,1 plants/m². The setting allows the determination of soil, microorganisms, and plants (i.e. rhizosphere) contribution to the retention and degradation of heavy metals and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. After two weeks of equilibration, soil quality remains preserved and the contamination seemed to be homogeneous along the mesocosm. Microbial abundance and diversity investigations are in progress.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 6, 2020 - 11:53:07 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 3:30:05 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02559586, version 1

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Marie-Charlotte Leroy, G. Peruisset, Florence Portet-Koltalo, F. Le Derf, Stephane Marcotte, et al.. Design of a large scale outdoor mesocosm to investigate heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons phyto-and bio-remediation. Journée de l'Ecole doctorale normande de chimie (JEDNC, 2012), Jun 2012, Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray, France. ⟨hal-02559586⟩

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