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Quand tombe la frontière... Appropriation mémorielle et processus de patrimonialisation du "Mur de l'Atlantique" en Basse-Normandie

Abstract : Military conflicts can bring sudden and radical changes to the concept of the frontier, sometimes leading to the rapid construction of fortifications, such as the coastal defenses erected in Western Europe by the Germans from 1940, known as the ‘Atlantic Wall’. This architectural structure fulfilled a defensive function and furnished propaganda material for the Nazi regime. Over the decades since the war, this heritage dating from the dark hours of the Occupation has seen a continuous process of recognition as heritage, helped along by the development of memory tourism as part of the region’s development strategies. This article proposes to take a new look at how these vestiges are managed, by focusing in particular on the beaches of the D-Day landings and the future of the Atlantic Wall in Normandy. It intends to draw attention to the initiatives of the public authorities, and especially of the historic monuments administration, since the end of the Second World War. From reusing available buildings in a region devastated by the fighting to the need for places of memory, this article examines the various factors which have contributed to the progressive heritagisation of these vestiges.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02553054
Contributor : Histemé Laboratoire de Recherches <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 24, 2020 - 9:44:45 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 4:48:19 PM

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Marie-Laure Loizeau, Jean-Luc Leleu. Quand tombe la frontière... Appropriation mémorielle et processus de patrimonialisation du "Mur de l'Atlantique" en Basse-Normandie. In Situ : Revue des patrimoines, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, Direction de l'architecture et du patrimoine, [Sous-direction des études, de la documentation et de l'Inventaire], 2019, Architecture et patrimoine des frontières. Entre identités nationales et héritage partagé, [15 p.]. ⟨10.4000/insitu.20019⟩. ⟨hal-02553054⟩

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