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The exogenous application of At PGLR, an endo -polygalacturonase, triggers pollen tube burst and repair

Abstract : Plant cell wall remodeling plays a key role in the control of cell elongation and differentiation. In particular, fine-tuning of the degree of methylesterification of pectins was previously reported to control developmental processes as diverse as pollen germination, pollen tube elongation, emergence of primordia or elongation of dark-grown hypocotyls. However, how pectin degradation can modulate plant development has remained elusive. Here we report the characterization of a polygalacturonase (PG), AtPGLR, the gene for which is highly expressed at the onset of lateral root emergence in Arabidopsis. Due to gene compensation mechanisms, mutant approaches failed to determine the involvement of AtPGLR in plant growth. To overcome this issue, AtPGLR has been expressed heterologously in the yeast Pichia pastoris and biochemically characterized. We showed that AtPGLR is an endo-PG that preferentially releases non-methylesterified oligogalacturonides with a short degree of polymerization (< 8) at acidic pH. The application of the purified recombinant protein on Amaryllis pollen tubes, an excellent model for studying cell wall remodeling at acidic pH, induced abnormal pollen tubes or cytoplasmic leakage in the subapical dome of the pollen tube tip, where non-methylesterified pectin epitopes are detected. Those leaks could either be repaired by new β-glucan deposits (mostly callose) in the cell wall or promoted dramatic burst of the pollen tube. Our work presents the full biochemical characterization of an Arabidopsis PG and highlights the importance of pectin integrity in pollen tube elongation.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02527275
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 1, 2020 - 9:58:13 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 21, 2022 - 3:14:28 PM

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Ludivine Hocq, Sophie Guinand, Olivier Habrylo, Aline Voxeur, Wafae Tabi, et al.. The exogenous application of At PGLR, an endo -polygalacturonase, triggers pollen tube burst and repair. Plant Journal, Wiley, 2020, 103 (2), pp.617-633. ⟨10.1111/tpj.14753⟩. ⟨hal-02527275⟩

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