Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Autophagy Controls Sulphur Metabolism in the Rosette Leaves of Arabidopsis and Facilitates S Remobilization to the Seeds

Abstract : Sulphur deficiency in crops became an agricultural concern several decades ago, due to the decrease of S deposition and the atmospheric sulphur dioxide emissions released by industrial plants. Autophagy, which is a conserved mechanism for nutrient recycling in eukaryotes, is involved in nitrogen, iron, zinc and manganese remobilizations from the rosette to the seeds in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we have compared the role of autophagy in sulphur and nitrogen management at the whole plant level, performing concurrent labelling with 34S and 15N isotopes on atg5 mutants and control lines. We show that both 34S and 15N remobilizations from the rosette to the seeds are impaired in the atg5 mutants irrespective of salicylic acid accumulation and of sulphur nutrition. The comparison in each genotype of the partitions of 15N and 34S in the seeds (as % of the whole plant) indicates that the remobilization of 34S to the seeds was twice more efficient than that of 15N in both autophagy mutants and control lines under high S conditions, and also in control lines under low S conditions. This was different in the autophagy mutants grown under low S conditions. Under low S, the partition of 34S to their seeds was indeed not twice as high but similar to that of 15N. Such discrepancy shows that when sulphate availability is scarce, autophagy mutants display stronger defects for 34S remobilization relative to 15N remobilization than under high S conditions. It suggests, moreover, that autophagy mainly affects the transport of N-poor S-containing molecules and possibly sulphate.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02509443
Contributor : Sophie Delle Cave <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 16, 2020 - 5:49:44 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:32 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Aurélia Lornac, Marien Havé, Fabien Chardon, Fabienne Soulay, Gilles Clément, et al.. Autophagy Controls Sulphur Metabolism in the Rosette Leaves of Arabidopsis and Facilitates S Remobilization to the Seeds. Cells, MDPI, 2020, 9 (2), pp.332. ⟨10.3390/cells9020332⟩. ⟨hal-02509443⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

192