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Factors Influencing the Occurrence and the Fate of E. coli Population in Karst Hydrosystems

Abstract : The persistence of Escherichia coli, a bacterial indicator of water quality, is relevant to assess the health risk associated with aquifer use for drinking water supplies. In order to investigate the fate of E. coli in a karst aquifer, populations of both viable and culturable E. coli were monitored, according to their settling velocities, for contrasting hydrological conditions. Solid-phase cytometry was carried out to quantify the viable E. coli, and both the genetic diversity and the resistance to antibiotics of E. coli were investigated. This study shows that: (i) at the sinkhole, the structure of the E. coli population varied with the hydrological conditions and land use; (ii) the input of E. coli strains resistant to antibiotics was linked to contamination of human origin during rainfall events; (iii) irrespective of the hydrological conditions, the karst system is a permanent reservoir of viable but non-culturable E. coli even when culturable E. coli became undetectable at the well; and (iv) following a rainfall event or during a dry period, both populations of culturable and viable but non-culturable E. coli are mainly associated with non-settleable particles, corresponding to organic or organo-mineral microflocs.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02439007
Contributor : Pierre Weill <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 2:17:18 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 27, 2020 - 4:26:30 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02439007, version 1

Citation

Fabienne Petit, Thierry Berthe, Gautier Chaix, Erick Denamur, Olivier Clermont, et al.. Factors Influencing the Occurrence and the Fate of E. coli Population in Karst Hydrosystems. William B. White; Janet S. Herman; Ellen K. Herman; Marian Rutigliano. Karst Groundwater Contamination and Public Health, Springer, pp.219-230, 2017, 978-3-319-51069-9. ⟨hal-02439007⟩

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