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Molecular cloning of the cDNAs and distribution of the mRNAs encoding two somatostatin precursors in the African lungfishProtopterus annectens

Abstract : The occurrence of two somatostatin precursors, PSS1 and PSS2, yielding S-14 (SS1) and the variant [Pro2, Met13]S-14 (SS2), has been recently reported in the frog Rana ridibunda. The evolutionary significance of frog PSS2 is unclear because its sequence exhibits very little similarity with other known vertebrate somatostatin precursors. In the present study, we report on the characterization of two somatostatin precursor cDNAs from the brain of the African lungfish Protopterus annectens. One of the cDNAs encodes a 115-amino-acid protein that contains the SS1 sequence at its C-terminal extremity and thus is clearly homologous to PSS1. Comparison with other vertebrate PSS1 showed that lungfish PSS1 is more closely related to PSS1 from tetrapods than to PSS1 from fish. The other cDNA encodes a 109-amino-acid protein that contains a somatostatin variant [Pro2]S-14 at its C-terminal extremity. Sequence analysis of this second precursor indicated that it is the lungfish counterpart of frog PSS2. Northern blot analysis showed that lungfish PSS1 mRNA is widely distributed in the central nervous system and in peripheral organs, including the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract. In contrast, PSS2 mRNA was primarily found in the central nervous system but not in the pancreas or gut. In situ hybridization studies showed that the two genes are differentially expressed in various regions of the lungfish brain. The present data indicate that the PSS2 gene, initially discovered in frog, appeared early in vertebrate evolution, before the emergence of the tetrapod lineage. The recent isolation of a [Pro2]S-14 variant in the sturgeon, whose sequence is identical to that of lungfish SS2, suggests that the PSS2 gene may actually be present in the genome of all Osteichthyii.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02427295
Contributor : Isabelle Lihrmann <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 3, 2020 - 2:25:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 29, 2020 - 1:42:50 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02427295, version 1
  • PUBMED : 10398054

Citation

Michele Trabucchi, Hervé Tostivint, Isabelle Lihrmann, S Jégou, Mauro Vallarino, et al.. Molecular cloning of the cDNAs and distribution of the mRNAs encoding two somatostatin precursors in the African lungfishProtopterus annectens. Journal of Comparative Neurology, Wiley, 1999, 410 (4), pp.643-652. ⟨hal-02427295⟩

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