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Hormonal, Radiological, NP-59 Scintigraphy, and Pathological Correlations in Patients With Cushing's Syndrome Due to Primary Pigmented Nodular Adrenocortical Disease (PPNAD)

Abstract : Context: Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD) is a rare cause of ACTHindependent Cushing’s syndrome that may occur in an isolated form or as part of Carney complex. The diagnosis of this disease can be difficult preoperatively because computed tomography (CT) scan can be normal or suggest unilateral adrenal lesion, which can impede the correct diagnosis of bilateral adrenal disease. Objective: The aim of our study was to describe the results of preoperative imaging (adrenal [6-131I]iodomethyl-19-norcholesterol] [NP-59] cintigraphy and standard adrenal CT scan) and their correlations with clinical, pathological, and genetics investigations in patients with PPNAD. Patients and Methods: Seventeen patients with ACTH-independent syndrome due to PPNAD were investigated with a standard adrenal CT scan and NP-59 scintigraphy. Hormonal, pathological, and genetics data were analyzed. Results: Four males and 13 females (median age, 27 y) were included. PPNAD was isolated in 11 patients (with PRKAR1A mutation, n 7; and without PRKAR1A mutation, n 4) and was associated with extra-adrenal manifestations of Carney complex in six patients (with PRKAR1A mutation, n 4; and without PRKAR1A mutation, n 2). Standard adrenal CT scan revealed micronodules in 11 patients, macronodules in three patients, and was normal in three patients. All patients demonstrated bilateral adrenal radiocholesterol uptake. Adrenal uptake was asymmetrical in 10 of 17 patients (59%). Asymmetrical uptake correlated with the presence of macronodules at pathological analysis (P .03). Conclusion: Standard adrenal CT scan most often reveals micronodules but there is no specific CT imaging. NP-59 scintigraphy always shows a bilateral adrenal uptake confirming the bilateral nature of the disease, but asymmetrical scintigraphic uptake can be observed in patients with macronodules.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02420236
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 19, 2019 - 5:37:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:18:50 AM

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Delphine Vezzosi, Florence Tenenbaum, Laure Cazabat, Frédérique Tissier, Marie Bienvenu, et al.. Hormonal, Radiological, NP-59 Scintigraphy, and Pathological Correlations in Patients With Cushing's Syndrome Due to Primary Pigmented Nodular Adrenocortical Disease (PPNAD). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine Society, 2015, 100 (11), pp.4332-4338. ⟨10.1210/jc.2015-2174⟩. ⟨hal-02420236⟩

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