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Journal Articles International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow Year : 2018

One-point and two-point statistics of homogeneous isotropic decaying turbulence with variable viscosity

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Abstract

The decay of homogeneous isotropic turbulence in a variable viscosity fluid with a viscosity ratio up to 15 is analyzed by means of highly resolved direct numerical simulations (DNS) at low Reynolds numbers. The question addressed by the present work is how quantities such as the kinetic energy and the associated dissipation rate, as well as the inter-scale transport mechanism of turbulence are changed by local fluctuations of the viscosity. The comparison is performed with respect to the decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence with constant viscosity (CV), equal to the mean value of the variable viscosity (VV). From the one-point budget equation of the turbulent kinetic energy, it is shown that the mean dissipation rate is nearly unchanged by variable viscosity effects. This result is explained by a negative correlation between the local viscosity and the local velocity gradients. However, the dissipation is a highly fluctuating quantity with a strong level of intermittency. From a statistical analysis it is shown that turbulent flows with variable viscosity are characterized by an enhanced level of small-scale intermittency with respect to CV flow, which results in the presence of smaller length scales. The effect of variable viscosity on the turbulent cascade is analyzed by a budget equation for the velocity structure function. From DNS it is shown that viscosity gradients contribute to the inter-scale transport mechanism in the form of an inverse transport, where information propagates from the small scales to the large scales.

Dates and versions

hal-02418829 , version 1 (19-12-2019)

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Michael Gauding, Emilien Varea, Luminita Danaila. One-point and two-point statistics of homogeneous isotropic decaying turbulence with variable viscosity. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 2018, 72, pp.143-150. ⟨10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.05.013⟩. ⟨hal-02418829⟩
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