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Squalene Oxidation Induced by Urban Pollutants Impact on Skin Surface Physico-Chemistry

Abstract : The effect of urban pollutants on skin properties has been revealed through several epidemiological studies. However, comprehension of involved mechanisms remains undetermined. In addition, the impact of such stressors on skin surface properties, especially skin physico-chemistry, has not been investigated. Consequently, the present study aims to develop a new aging protocol able to highlight the impact of selected urban pollutants on a model sebaceous lipid the squalene. Its quality has been followed during aging using LC-MS analysis. Results showed that the quality of the control solution containing only squalene remains stable during 45 days, whereas the quality of the solution containing squalene mixed with pollutants appears greatly altered, especially in the presence of heavy metals a large amount of oxidation compounds was evidenced due to oxidation and dehydrogenation mechanisms. In addition, a physicochemical study was performed using a validated nonbiological skin model able to mimic skin physico-chemistry. Surface free energy components were calculated using contact angle measurements according to the Van Oss model. The application of degraded squalene significantly increased skin hydrophilic and monopolar behavior compared to the application of control squalene. Those modifications are essentially explained by the nature of squalene oxidation products. It must be noted from this study that squalene oxidation due to pollutants or due to high temperature did not lead to the same physicochemical consequences neither to the same oxidation products, as shown by thermal analysis. This study gives original and precious information to explain alterations induced by pollutants on skin surface properties, especially skin chemistry and physico-chemistry. © 2019 American Chemical Society.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 16, 2019 - 10:44:02 AM
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Florine Eudier, Nicolas Hucher, Celine Picard, Géraldine Savary, Michel Grisel. Squalene Oxidation Induced by Urban Pollutants Impact on Skin Surface Physico-Chemistry. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 2019, 32 (2), pp.285-293. ⟨10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00311⟩. ⟨hal-02413292⟩



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