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Effect of Nanoclay Hydration on Barrier Properties of PLA/Montmorillonite Based Nanocomposites

Abstract : Incorporating Cloisite 30B (C30B) in poly(lactic acid) (PLA) matrix was investigated as functions of the content and of the hydration state of nanoclays. Two series of PLA based nanocomposites were prepared by melt compounding using nanoclays in hydrated state (undried C30B) or preliminary dried (dried C30B). Their structure was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements which highlighted the coexistence of exfoliated, intercalated, and aggregated structures. Rheological measurements put forward better degrees of dispersion and of exfoliation for nanocomposites containing undried C30B. From differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements, a slight change in crystallinity was measured owing to the nucleating effect induced by the nanoclays. The transport properties were analyzed from permeation and sorption kinetics. A significant improvement of the water and oxygen barrier properties was obtained, especially for nanocomposites with undried C30B, while a reduction in diffusion was evidenced. This peculiar behavior was correlated to the presence of water molecules included in C30B contributing to a better dispersion and orientation of the nanoplatelets into the PLA matrix.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 3:49:55 PM
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Nadine Tenn, Nadège Follain, Jeremie Soulestin, Raphaël Crétois, Serge Bourbigot, et al.. Effect of Nanoclay Hydration on Barrier Properties of PLA/Montmorillonite Based Nanocomposites. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, American Chemical Society, 2013, 117 (23), pp.12117-12135. ⟨10.1021/jp401546t⟩. ⟨hal-02391531⟩



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