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La couverture médiatique des observations scientifiques concernant les troubles mentaux

Abstract : Hundreds of academic studies have analyzed the coverage of biomedical findings by the mass media. They showed that most news stories make scientific observations more appealing through distortions and omissions. In most cases, these distortions and omissions are already present in the scientific publications, are further hyped by press releases issued by scientific institutions and spread in news stories without criticism. Moreover, journalists exacerbate publication biases by preferentially covering initial findings and scientific observations that report a positive effect. As a consequence, the media preferentially cover biomedical observations that are later disconfirmed by subsequent studies, and almost never inform the public of these invalidations. Here we review these academic studies, with a special focus on those dealing with the coverage of mental health science, and we discus some social consequences of these misrepresentations.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02377258
Contributor : Sébastien Ponnou Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, November 23, 2019 - 2:05:40 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 10:39:55 AM

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François Gonon, Christelle Dumas-Mallet, Sébastien Ponnou. La couverture médiatique des observations scientifiques concernant les troubles mentaux. Les cahiers du journalisme, Bertrand Labasse, 2019, 2 (3), pp.R45-R63. ⟨10.31188/CaJsm.2(3).2019.R045⟩. ⟨hal-02377258⟩

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