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AMPK Activation of PGC-1α/NRF-1-Dependent SELENOT Gene Transcription Promotes PACAP-Induced Neuroendocrine Cell Differentiation Through Tolerance to Oxidative Stress

Abstract : Several cues including pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), which acts through cAMP stimulation, specify the conversion of sympathoadrenal (SA) precursors toward different cell phenotypes by promoting their survival and differentiation. Selenoprotein T (SELENOT) is a PACAP-stimulated ER oxidoreductase that exerts an essential antioxidant activity and whose up-regulation is associated with SA cell differentiation. In the present study, we investigated the transcriptional cascade elicited by PACAP/cAMP to trigger SELENOT gene transcription during the conversion of PC12 cells from SA progenitor-like cells toward a neuroendocrine phenotype. Unexpectedly, we found that PACAP/cAMP recruits the canonical pathway that regulates mitochondrial function in order to elicit SELENOT gene transcription and the consequent antioxidant response during PC12 cell differentiation. This cascade involves LKB1-mediated AMPK activation in order to stimulate SELENOT gene transcription through the PGC1-α/NRF-1 complex, thus allowing SELENOT to promote PACAP-stimulated neuroendocrine cell survival and differentiation. Our data reveal that a PACAP and cAMP-activated AMPK-PGC-1α/NRF-1 cascade is critical for the coupling of oxidative stress tolerance, via SELENOT gene expression, and mitochondrial biogenesis in order to achieve PC12 cell differentiation. The data further highlight the essential role of SELENOT in cell metabolism during differentiation.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02375763
Contributor : Sahil Adriouch <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 10:48:21 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 11, 2020 - 2:33:01 PM

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Houssni Abid, Dorthe Cartier, Abdallah Hamieh, Anne-Marie François-Bellan, Christine Bucharles, et al.. AMPK Activation of PGC-1α/NRF-1-Dependent SELENOT Gene Transcription Promotes PACAP-Induced Neuroendocrine Cell Differentiation Through Tolerance to Oxidative Stress. Molecular Neurobiology, Humana Press, 2019, 56 (6), pp.4086-4101. ⟨10.1007/s12035-018-1352-x⟩. ⟨hal-02375763⟩

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