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Les violences chrétiennes contre les synagogues dans l’Empire romain, pendant le conflit entre Théodose et l’usurpateur Maxime (386-388 apr. J.-C.)

Abstract : In 388, the destruction of the synagogue located in the Roman fortress of Callinicon, an Osrhoene's city situated on the left bank of the Euphrates, was not an isolated fact. At the same time, another synagogue was burnt in Rome, while in Antioch the Jewish community was under attack from the Meletian Church through John Chrysostom's homilies Against the Jews. These acts of violence occurred between 386 and 388, at the time of the conflict between Theodosius and the usurper Maximus, both of them from Nicene, or just after this conflict, in a context of Nicene build-up and heightened Christian intolerance. The confiscation of the «Maccabean synagogue« in Antioch took place probably between 388 and 390-391. This anti-Jewish violence that the emperors didn't want started in cities where the Jewish communities were powerful and influential, and probably seen as rival by the Church authorities, and especially in the cities where the hegemonic local Church aimed to assert its authority, after a schism or in order to hasten the end of a schism, as it was the case in Rome and Antioch. However, in the 4th century and no more at the beginning of the 5th century, Christian anti-Jewish violence was not similar to persecution as it was sporadic in spite of the constant animosity of the Nicene Church authorities towards the Jews.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02375709
Contributor : Emmanuel Soler <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 10:30:19 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 11, 2020 - 3:26:04 PM

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Emmanuel Soler. Les violences chrétiennes contre les synagogues dans l’Empire romain, pendant le conflit entre Théodose et l’usurpateur Maxime (386-388 apr. J.-C.). Semitica et Classica, Brepols Publishers, 2011, 4, pp.89-98. ⟨10.1484/J.SEC.1.102507⟩. ⟨hal-02375709⟩

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