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Long term outcome of patients with low level of cryoglobulin (<0.05g/L)

Abstract : Objectives To date, no studies have yet assessed the characteristics of non-HCV patients with low level of cryoglobulin (≤ 0.05 g/L). The aims of the current study were thus to: 1) determine the prevalence of cryoglobulin ≤ 0.05 g/L in patients with non-HCV cryoglobulin; and 2) compare clinical features and long term outcome, including organ complications and mortality rate, between non-HCV patients with cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L and those exhibiting cryoglobulin level > 0.05 g/L. Methods Among 6379 cryoglobulin testing, cryoglobulin was detected in 618 patients (9.69% of cases); of these 618 patients, 453 non-HCV patients were included in the study. The medical records of these patients were reviewed. Results Of the 453 non-HCV cryoglobulin-positive patients, 265 (58.6%) exhibited cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L. We showed that patients with cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L had: 1) less commonly: palpable purpura (p < 0.001), digital ulcers (p = 0.006), peripheral neurologic involvement (p = 0.03) and renal impairment (p = 0.03); and 2) lower median values of ESR (p < 0.001) and C-reactive protein (p = 0.001). The patients with cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L less often experienced infections (p = 0.04) and hematological malignancies (p = 0.01); both groups did not differ regarding prevalence of connective tissue diseases and solid tumors. Mortality rate was as high as 13.6% in patients with cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L; death was mainly due to: solid tumors (16.6%), cardiovascular complications (13.8%), hematological malignancies (11.1%), infections (8.3%), pulmonary/renal complications of cryoglobulin (8.3%) and connective tissue diseases (8.3%). Conclusion Our study shows a high prevalence of cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L in clinical practice. Our findings further underscore that non-HCV cryoglobulin level ≤ 0.05 g/L may be responsible for severe renal and neurological complications, leading to high morbidity and mortality in these patients. Thus, our data suggest that both appropriate therapy and close follow-up may be required to improve such patients' outcome.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 9:43:51 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 1:24:02 PM

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V. Eble, B. Legallicier, P. Joly, O. Vittecoq, F. Caron, et al.. Long term outcome of patients with low level of cryoglobulin (<0.05g/L). Autoimmunity Reviews, Elsevier, 2016, 15 (5), pp.440-446. ⟨10.1016/j.autrev.2016.01.012⟩. ⟨hal-02375570⟩

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