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Involvement of a phospholipase C in the hemolytic activity of a clinical strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens

Abstract : Background: Pseudomonas fluorescens is a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium frequently encountered in hospitals as a contaminant of injectable material and surfaces. This psychrotrophic bacterium, commonly described as unable to grow at temperatures above 32°C, is now considered non pathogenic. We studied a recently identified clinical strain of P. fluorescens biovar I, MFN1032, which is considered to cause human lung infection and can grow at 37°C in laboratory conditions. Results: We found that MFN1032 secreted extracellular factors with a lytic potential at least as high as that of MF37, a psychrotrophic strain of P. fluorescens or the mesophilic opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. We demonstrated the direct, and indirect – through increases in biosurfactant release – involvement of a phospholipase C in the hemolytic activity of this bacterium. Sequence analysis assigned this phospholipase C to a new group of phospholipases C different from those produced by P. aeruginosa. We show that changes in PlcC production have pleiotropic effects and that plcC overexpression and plcC extinction increase MFN1032 toxicity and colonization, respectively. Conclusion: This study provides the first demonstration that a PLC is involved in the secreted hemolytic activity of a clinical strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Moreover, this phospholipase C seems to belong to a complex biological network associated with the biosurfactant production.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 3:19:03 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 22, 2020 - 4:24:00 PM

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Gaelle Rossignol, Annabelle Mérieau, Josette Guerillon, Wilfried Véron, Olivier Lesouhaitier, et al.. Involvement of a phospholipase C in the hemolytic activity of a clinical strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. BMC Microbiology, BioMed Central, 2008, 8 (1), pp.189. ⟨10.1186/1471-2180-8-189⟩. ⟨hal-02372675⟩

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