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Process of Facilitated Extraction of Vanadium Ions through Supported Liquid Membranes: Parameters and Mechanism

Abstract : To conduct experiments related to the facilitated extraction phenomenon of vanadium ions (VO 2 +), three supported liquid membranes (SLMs) were prepared, each containing 0.01 M of methyl cholate (MC), resorcinarene (RESO), or trioctylamine (TOA) as extractive agents. Kinetic and thermodynamic models were developed, based on the interaction of the substrate (VO 2 +) with the extractive agent T and the diffusion of the formed entity (TS) through the membrane. The experimental results verify the models, and to determine, macroscopic parameters, permeabilities (P) and initial fluxes (0), and microscopic parameters, association constants (ass) and apparent diffusion coefficients (*) related to formed entities (TS) and their diffusion through the membrane organic phase. The experimental results indicate that the mechanism on the migration of the VO 2 + ions through the membrane organic phase is based on the successive jumps of substrate, from one site to another of the extractive agent. To explain these results and understand the mechanism, we studied influence of temperature factor, and we determined activation parameters (, Δ ̸ = , and Δ ̸ =). The results show that this extraction phenomenon is governed by a structural term. Therefore, the membrane performance changes according to nature and structure of the association site presented by each of extractive agents.
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O. Kamal, T. Eljaddi, El El Atmani, I. Touarssi, I. Mourtah, et al.. Process of Facilitated Extraction of Vanadium Ions through Supported Liquid Membranes: Parameters and Mechanism. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2017, 2017, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1155/2017/3425419⟩. ⟨hal-02370014⟩

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