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Escherichia coli ST410 among humans and the environment in Southeast Asia

Abstract : Escherichia coli ST410 (Ec-ST410) is an emerging, multidrug-resistant clone. Recent investigations of its global epidemiology and evolution have been based almost exclusively on isolates from Europe and North America. It is unclear whether Southeast Asian-origin Ec-ST410 (SEA-Ec-ST410) belong to these same clones or represent regionally disseminated variants. Antimicrobial resistance mechanisms among SEA-Ec-ST410 were characterised, and whether they belonged to regional variants was investigated by contextualising them within a global collection. Seven Ec-ST410 were identified among a recent collection of expanded-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant E. coli recovered from 91 healthy women (stool) and 26 infected patients (blood and urine) living in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Nine additional Ec-ST410 genomes were identified from Thailand (n = 7) and Vietnam (n = 2) through EnteroBase and PubMed searches. The assembled genomes were characterised and a SNP-based phylogenetic tree was created comparing these 16 SEA-Ec-ST410 with a previously published Ec-ST410 collection, primarily sourced from Europe (97/128) and North America (24/128). SEA-Ec-ST410 belonged to several distinct branches within previously described clonal clades. SEA-Ec-ST410 within the B3/H24Rx sublineage encoded blaCTX-M-55 (8/12) and F18:A-:B1 plasmid replicons (6/12), neither of which were detected among other Ec-ST410 belonging to this clade. Three of four SEA-Ec-ST410 within the B4/H24RxC sublineage lacked both blaOXA-181 and an IncX3 plasmid replicon that were harboured by 97% and 100% of all other Ec-ST410 in this sublineage (n = 64), respectively. In conclusion, Ec-ST410 are present in Southeast Asia following multiple introductions. The unique pattern of antimicrobial resistance elements harboured by SEA-Ec-ST410 suggests independent circulation in the region.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 18, 2019 - 4:30:25 PM
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Maya Nadimpalli, Agathe de Lauzanne, Thong Phe, Laurence Borand, Jan Jacobs, et al.. Escherichia coli ST410 among humans and the environment in Southeast Asia. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, Elsevier, 2019, 54 (2), pp.228-232. ⟨10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2019.05.024⟩. ⟨hal-02368805⟩

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