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Au Mont-Dieu ou dans le Val d'Absinthe? Le lieu idéal de l'expérience spirituelle comme point de divergence entre Guillaume de Saint-Thierry et Bernard de Clairvaux

Abstract : A few years after writing the Letter to the Brethren of Mont-Dieu, William of Saint-Thierry drafted the first book of the Vita prima sancti Bernardi from materials provided by Geoffrey of Auxerre. A comparison between the Fragmenta and the Vita prima reveals that William introduced into the course of Bernard’s conversion an eremitic stage, and that he sought to present Clairvaux as a quasi-mountain. Further to this matter, the contrast between the two abbots’ exegesis of Song of Songs 2:8 illustrates in a similar way the gap between William’s aspirations to solitary contemplation on a high place, and the model of communities nested in valleys promoted by Bernard; the latter’s reference to Monte Cassino is no less surprising than that of Cîteaux in the Vita prima. By means of his account of Bernard’s life (in which he had refused to speak of thei mutual struggles), William, disappointed by the way in which the Cistercians were evolving, clearly reveals his Carthusian ideal.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02349186
Contributor : Alexis Grélois <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 3:34:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 10:52:05 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02349186, version 1

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Alexis Grélois. Au Mont-Dieu ou dans le Val d'Absinthe? Le lieu idéal de l'expérience spirituelle comme point de divergence entre Guillaume de Saint-Thierry et Bernard de Clairvaux. Cîteaux Commentarii cistercienses, ISSN : 0774-4919, 2018, Guillaume de Saint-Thierry, de Liège au Mont-Dieu, 69, pp.83-100. ⟨hal-02349186⟩

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