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Note sur les caractéristiques institutionnelles des cisterciennes du Languedoc (milieu du XII e -début du XVI e siècle)

Abstract : Languedoc Cistercian women religious have long been overlooked because of the scarcity of written sources they left but also because their connection with the order seemed problematic. Analysis reveals a great variety of situations: on the one hand, Cistercian monks did take part in the creation of nunneries (e.g. Rieunette) from the very middle of the 12th Century and they also took control of former double communities (notably around Fontfroide); on the other hand, the bishops used the customs of the brothers of Cîteaux as a model to proceed to the institutionalization of charismatic groups (e.g. Le Vignogoul). This led to the outbreak in the 13th Century of jurisdiction conflicts opposing abbots and bishops, which were still active in the 1530’s. The paper also deals with communities status (“houses”, priories, abbeys) and sizes.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 10:13:39 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 5:34:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 20, 2020 - 2:30:01 PM


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Alexis Grélois. Note sur les caractéristiques institutionnelles des cisterciennes du Languedoc (milieu du XII e -début du XVI e siècle). Marion Alvergnat; Sylvain Demarthe; Géraldine Mallet. Moniales cisterciennes de Méditerranée occidentale (XIIe-XVIe siècle). Histoire, histoire de l'art, archéologie, mise en perspective, Guilhem, pp.15-54, 2017. ⟨hal-02349140⟩



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