Immunocytochemical Localization of Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF)-Like Peptides in the Brain and Heart of the Treefrog Hyla japonica: Effect of Weightlessness on the Distribution of Immunoreactive Neurons and Cardiocytes

Abstract : The localization of atrial-natriuretic factor (ANF)-like immunoreactivity was investigated in the brain and heart of the treefrog Hyla japonica by the indirect immunofluorescence technique. Concurrently, the effect of weightlessness on the distribution of ANF-containing neurons and cardiocytes was studied in frogs that were sent into space for 9 days on the space station "MIR." In control animals, the amygdala contained the most prominent group of ANF-immunoreactive cells and fibers. ANF-positive neurons and nerve processes were also detected in other areas of the telencephalon such as the nucleus olfactorius, the pallium mediale, and the striatum. In "space frogs," the intensity of labeling of the amygdala and nucleus olfactorius was similar to that seen in control animals. In contrast, the pallium and the striatum of "space frogs" were totally devoid of positive cell bodies. In the diencephalon, of all animals, numerous ANF-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were seen in the hypothalamus, the anterior thalamus, the infundibulum, and the median eminence. ANF-positive cell bodies were also noted in the lateral forebrain bundle of control frogs but were absent in "space frogs." The major difference between control and "space frogs" was observed in the posterior nuclei of the thalamus. In "space frogs," the nucleus posterocentralis thalami and the nucleus posterolateralis thalami exhibited large ANF-immunoreactive perikarya, while, in control frogs, these nuclei only contained scarce positive nerve fibers. In the mesencephalon, ANF-positive cell bodies and nerve processes were seen in the nucleus tegmenti mesencephali, the interpeduncular nucleus, and the nucleus cerebelli of all animals. However, stained perikarya were only observed in the nucleus reticularis isthmi of control frogs. In the heart, atrial cardiocytes exhibited intense ANF-like immunoreactivity. ANF-positive myocytes were also detected in the subpericardial region of the ventricle. The density and distribution of the staining were identical in the heart of control and "space frogs." These data support the concept that prolonged exposure to microgravity affects biosynthesis and/or release of ANF-related peptides in discrete regions of the amphibian brain. o iw8 Wlley-Llsu, IIK.
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Marc Feuilloley, Laurent Yon, Kosuke Kawamura, Sakae Kikuyama, Jolanta Gutkowska, et al.. Immunocytochemical Localization of Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF)-Like Peptides in the Brain and Heart of the Treefrog Hyla japonica: Effect of Weightlessness on the Distribution of Immunoreactive Neurons and Cardiocytes. Journal of Comparative Neurology, Wiley, 1993, 330 (1), pp.32-47. ⟨10.1002/cne.903300104⟩. ⟨hal-02334716⟩

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