D-SERINE CONTRIBUTES TO β-AMYLOID-DEPENDENT PATHOPHYSIOLOGY IN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Abstract : B fEPSP/PFV ra>o 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4 1,6 WT 5xFAD 5xFAD/SR-/-+ D-s e ri n e + D-s e ri n e + D-s e ri n e Key regulators of the structural and funcFonal brain plasFcity, the N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype of glutamate receptors (NMDARs) requires the binding of the co-agonist D-serine to be acFvated. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), soluble oligomers of the beta-amyloid pepFde (Aßo) affect NMDARs possibly through mechanisms involving changes in D-serine levels since Aßo sFmulate in vitro the producFon of the co-agonist. In this study, we asked whether D-serine contributes in vivo to morpho-funcFonal NMDAR-related deregulaFons mediated by Aßo. Behavioral analysis combined to electrophysiological recordings at CA1/CA3 hippocampal synapses have been thus conducted in the 5xFAD transgenic mice model of amyloïdogenesis displaying marked increase in Aßo rates and compared to 5xFAD animals in which the homozygous gene of the serine racemase (SR) that synthesizes D-serine, has been jointly invalidated. Our results therefore show that deleFon of serine racemase prevents memory-related behavioral deficits observed in mice with prominent features of amyloidogenesis as well as impairment of NMDAR-dependent funcFonal plasFcity, suggesFng a significant contribuFon of D-serine in NMDAR-dependent β-amyloid-related pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES 1) Behavioral analysis: 8-min spontaneous alternaFon test was performed in a Y maze apparatus to assess working memory performances in 10-12 months of aged mice. Successive entry of the three arms of the maze was considered as an alternaFon. The percentage of alternaFon was calculated as follows: number of alternaFons / (total number of arms visited-2) x 100. 2) Electrophysiology: Hippocampal slices (400 µm thickness) were cut from two groups of WT, 5xFAD/SR +/+ and 5xFAD/SR-/-mice aged 3-4 or 10-12 months. Field excitatory postsynapFc potenFals (fEPSPs) and presynapFc fiber volley (PFV) were extracellularly recorded in CA1 stratum radiatum aner electrical sFmulaFon of Schaffer collaterals. Input/output curves of the fEPSP/PFV raFo of isolated NMDAr-mediated fEPSPs were constructed in a low magnesium medium supplemented with the non-NMDAr antagonist NBQX (10µM) before and 15 min aner addiFon of D-serine (100 µM). High frequency (HFS)-induced long-term potenFaFon (LTP) was studied in control medium aner tetanic sFmulaFon consisFng in one train at 100 Hz delivered for 1 sec. TesFng sFmulaFon was then resumed for 60 min aner HFS. 3) Semi-quanFtaFve immunoblopng analysis: Hippocampal Fssue was homogenized in protein lysis buffer. The membranes were probed with anFbodiesaginst GluN1 (1:750)
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02331264
Contributeur : Jean-Marie Billard <>
Soumis le : jeudi 24 octobre 2019 - 12:39:36
Dernière modification le : mardi 29 octobre 2019 - 01:44:27

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J-M Billard, E Ploux, L. Gorisse, T Freret. D-SERINE CONTRIBUTES TO β-AMYLOID-DEPENDENT PATHOPHYSIOLOGY IN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE. 11th FENS Forum of Neuroscience, Jun 2018, Berlin, Germany. ⟨hal-02331264⟩

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