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Homère historien de la guerre de Troie ? Regards critiques des historiens grecs sur les poèmes homériques

Abstract : This paper studies the treatment of Homer as “eyewitness” to the Trojan War by classical-era Greek historians (Herodotus, Thucydides), particularly in the historiography of the same period. Whereas Herodotus adopts a polemical stance by challenging Homer’s authority and defines his own practice as a historian in opposition to the Homeric model, Thucydides, less sceptical, implements a method using the Homeric poems as a source of information on the economic and political history of classical antiquity. This theory of a “hidden meaning” is found in various classical-era historians and geographers who, although trained to respect Homeric tradition, persisted in questioning the historicity of the Iliad and the Odyssey. The result was a debate which the rhetorician Dio of Prusa ironically suggested should become a commonplace of classical historiography.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02329123
Contributor : Corinne Jouanno <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 2:19:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 13, 2020 - 6:13:38 PM

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Corinne Jouanno. Homère historien de la guerre de Troie ? Regards critiques des historiens grecs sur les poèmes homériques. Tangence, Département des lettres et humanités de l'Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), 2018, Expériences de lecteurs. La réception d’auteurs antiques à la croisée de l’histoire et de la littérature, 116, pp.9-22. ⟨10.7202/1051076ar⟩. ⟨hal-02329123⟩

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