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De la mobilité des vivants à celle des morts : permanences et mutations du rituel funéraire guajiro dans les cimetières de Maracaibo, Venezuela

Abstract : From the mobility of the living to that of the dead : constancies and transformations of the guajiro funerary ritual in the cementeries of Maracaibo, Venezuela By crossing the mobility of living and of the dead, the following article offers a reflection on the spatial appropriation modes of the Guajiros, an Amerindian people of arawak origins, in the urban burial grounds of Maracaibo, Venezuela. In a socio-economic context where Guajiros tend to emigrate more and more from their ancestral territory – the Guajira peninsula – to settle in urban spaces, the emphasis is put on the question of the social and cultural permanences and changes they manifest through a specific event : the practice of their funeral rite. Death is perceived as a double event for Guajiros (via the passing of both the body and the soul), and their funeral rite is embodied by a double burial undertaken in two steps and in two different places : the first being completed near the deceased person’s home and the second in the Guajira. Thus, at a time when Guajiros bury their dead in municipal cemeteries, this article aims at understanding the position they occupy within these spaces, and, on a broader level, within the Venezuelan society.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02318774
Contributor : Camille Varnier <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 2:13:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 11:52:04 AM

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Camille Varnier. De la mobilité des vivants à celle des morts : permanences et mutations du rituel funéraire guajiro dans les cimetières de Maracaibo, Venezuela. Les Cahiers d’Outre-Mer. Revue de géographie de Bordeaux, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2016, LXIX (274), pp.207-234. ⟨10.4000/com.7854⟩. ⟨hal-02318774⟩

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