Pilot-Scale Pulsed UV Light Irradiation of Experimentally Infected Raspberries Suppresses Cryptosporidium parvum Infectivity in Immunocompetent Suckling Mice

Abstract : Cryptosporidium spp., a significant cause of foodborne infection, have been shown to be resistant to most chemical food disinfectant agents and infective for weeks in irrigation waters and stored fresh vegetal produce. Pulsed UV light (PL) has the potential to inactivate Cryptosporidium spp. on surfaces of raw or minimally processed foods or both. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of PL on viability and in vivo infectivity of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts present on raspberries, a known source of transmission to humans of oocyst-forming apicomplexan pathogens. The skin of each of 20 raspberries was experimentally inoculated with five 10-ll spots of an oocyst suspension containing 6 3 10 7 oocysts per ml (Nouzilly isolate). Raspberries were irradiated by PL flashes (4 J/cm 2 of total fluence). This dose did not affect colorimetric or organoleptic characteristics of fruits. After immunomagnetic separation from raspberries, oocysts were bleached and administered orally to neonatal suckling mice. Seven days after infection, mice were euthanized, and the number of oocysts in the entire small intestine was individually assessed by immunofluorescence flow cytometry. Three of 12 and 12 of 12 inoculated mice that received 10 and 100 oocysts isolated from nonirradiated raspberries, respectively, were found infected. Four of 12 and 2 of 12 inoculated mice that received 10 3 and 10 4 oocysts from irradiated raspberries, respectively, were found infected. Oocyst counts were lower in animals inoculated with 10 3 and 10 4 oocysts from irradiated raspberries (92 6 144 and 38 6 82, respectively) than in animals infected with 100 oocysts from nonirradiated raspberries (35,785 6 66,221, P ¼ 0.008). PL irradiation achieved oocyst reductions of 2 and 3 log for an inoculum of 10 3 and 10 4 oocysts, respectively. The present pilot-scale evaluation suggests that PL is an effective mode of decontamination for raspberries and prompts further applicability studies in industrial contexts.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02317893
Contributeur : Venceslas Villier <>
Soumis le : jeudi 17 octobre 2019 - 09:53:04
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 novembre 2019 - 15:20:21

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L. Le Goff, B. Hubert, L. Favennec, I. Villena, J. J. Ballet, et al.. Pilot-Scale Pulsed UV Light Irradiation of Experimentally Infected Raspberries Suppresses Cryptosporidium parvum Infectivity in Immunocompetent Suckling Mice. Journal of Food Protection, International Association for Food Protection, 2015, 78 (12), pp.2247-2252. ⟨10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-15-062⟩. ⟨hal-02317893⟩

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