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Cognitive performance and self-reported sleepiness are modulated by time-of-day during a mountain ultramarathon

Abstract : Ninety-two runners completed the study during a 168 km mountain ultramarathon (MUM). Sleepiness, self-reported sleep duration, and cognitive performance were assessed the day before the race and up to eight checkpoints during the race. Sleepiness was assessed using the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale. Cognitive performance was also assessed using the Digital Symbol Substitution Task (DSST). Runner reported 23.40 ± 22.20 minutes of sleep (mean ± SD) during the race (race time: 29.38 to 46.20 hours). Sleepiness and cognitive performance decrements increased across this race, and this was modulated by time-of-day with higher sleepiness and greater performance decrements occurring during the early morning hours. Runners who slept on the course prior to testing had poorer cognitive performance, which may suggest that naps on the course were taken due to extreme exertion. This study provides evidence that cognitive performance deficits and sleepiness in MUM are sensitive to time into race and time-of-day.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02305039
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 3, 2019 - 4:27:13 PM
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Rémy Hurdiel, Samantha Riedy, Grégoire Millet, Benoit Mauvieux, Thierry Pezé, et al.. Cognitive performance and self-reported sleepiness are modulated by time-of-day during a mountain ultramarathon. Research in Sports Medicine, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2018, 26 (4), pp.482-489. ⟨10.1080/15438627.2018.1492401⟩. ⟨hal-02305039⟩

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