Impact of the acute local inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase on diabetic skin microcirculatory dysfunction

Abstract : The impact of the local inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase, which metabolizes vasodilator and anti-inflammatory epoxyeicosanoids, on diabetic skin microvascular dysfunction was assessed. In diabetic db/db mice, basal skin blood flow assessed using laser Doppler imaging was similar to that of control mice, but thermal hyperemia was markedly reduced. At 2 h after the topical administration of an aqueous gel containing the soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (t-AUCB: 400 mg/L), the peak concentration of t-AUCB was detected in the skin of diabetic mice, which quickly decreased thereafter. In parallel, 2 h after application of t-AUCB treatment, thermal hyperemia was increased compared to the control gel. Quantification of t-AUCB in plasma of treated animals showed no or low systemic diffusion. Furthermore, haematoxylin and eosin histological staining of skin biopsies showed that skin integrity was preserved in t-AUCB-treated mice. Finally, for pig ear skin, a surrogate for human skin, using Franz diffusion cells, we observed a continuous diffusion of t-AUCB from 2 h after application to beyond 24 h. A single topical administration of a soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor improves microcirculatory function in the skin of db/db mice and might represent a new therapeutic approach for preventing the development of skin complications in diabetic patients.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02296034
Contributeur : Vincent Richard <>
Soumis le : mardi 24 septembre 2019 - 17:13:19
Dernière modification le : lundi 30 septembre 2019 - 16:08:01

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Yann Savina, Thomas Duflot, Frédéric Bounoure, Sylvain Kotzki, Pierre-Alain Thiébaut, et al.. Impact of the acute local inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase on diabetic skin microcirculatory dysfunction. Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, SAGE Publications, 2019, pp.147916411986021. ⟨10.1177/1479164119860215⟩. ⟨hal-02296034⟩

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