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Aromatase Gene Expression and Regulation in the Female Rat Pituitary

Abstract : Aromatase cytochrome P450, the key enzyme of estrogen biosynthesis from androgens, is encoded by CYP19. Its structure shows some peculiarities: exons II to X encode the protein, while multiple alternative exons I encode unique 5'-untranslated regions of the aromatase mRNA transcripts. Immunohistochemistry studies in the rat have shown that pituitary aromatase expression is sex-dependent and varies across the estrous cycle, suggesting that estrogens might be involved in the regulation of aromatase activity and might act locally as a paracrine or autocrine factor in the pituitary. In the present study, we used RT-PCR to characterize aromatase transcripts and real-time PCR to quantify the expression of the total aromatase mRNA at the different stages of the estrous cycle and from an ovariectomy and estradiol replacement model. We identified the two previously described aromatase transcripts with a specific 5'untranslated region of the brain 1f and the gonadal PII transcripts. Total aromatase mRNA expression in the pituitary varied significantly during the estrous cycle, with the highest level occurring on the day of metestrus. After ovariectomy, we observed an increase of aromatase mRNA levels, and this effect was completely prevented by estradiol administration. These results suggest that pituitary aromatase mRNA expression is downregulated by estrogens.
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Contributor : Sophie CORVAISIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, August 2, 2019 - 4:26:33 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:10 PM

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Guillaume Galmiche, Sophie Corvaisier, Marie-Laure Kottler. Aromatase Gene Expression and Regulation in the Female Rat Pituitary. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Wiley, 2006, 1070 (1), pp.286-292. ⟨10.1196/annals.1317.028⟩. ⟨hal-02262521⟩



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