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Specific EEG Sleep Pattern in the Prefrontal Cortex in Primary Insomnia

Abstract : Objective To assess the specific prefrontal activity in comparison to those in the other main cortical areas in primary insomnia patients and in good sleepers. Methods Fourteen primary insomnia patients and 11 good sleepers were included in the analysis. Participants completed one night of polysomnography in the sleep lab. Power spectra were calculated during the NREM (Non-rapid eyes movements) and the REM (Rapid eyes movements) sleep periods at prefrontal, occipital, temporal and central electrode positions. Results During the NREM sleep, the power spectra did not differ between groups in the prefrontal cortex; while primary insomnia patients exhibited a higher beta power spectrum and a lower delta power spectrum compared to good sleepers in other areas. During the REM sleep, the beta1 power spectrum was lower in the prefrontal cortex in primary insomnia patients compared to good sleepers; while no significant difference between groups was obtained for the other areas. Conclusions The present study shows a specific prefrontal sleep pattern during the whole sleep period. In addition, we suggest that primary insomnia patients displayed a dysfunction in the reacti-vation of the limbic system during the REM sleep and we give additional arguments in favor of a sleep-protection mechanism displayed by primary insomnia patients.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 29, 2019 - 12:04:02 PM
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Joy Perrier, Patrice Clochon, Françoise Bertran, Colette Couque, Jan Bulla, et al.. Specific EEG Sleep Pattern in the Prefrontal Cortex in Primary Insomnia. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 10 (1), pp.e0116864. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0116864⟩. ⟨hal-02190955⟩

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