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Seasonal variations of DNA-adduct patterns in open field farmers handling pesticides

Abstract : Seasonal variations of DNA-adduct levels in peripheral blood cells were evaluated in open field farmers (n=26) by use of the 32P-postlabelling assay. Samples were collected before (sample S0) and during (sample S4) the period of intensive pesticide use. A similar sampling procedure was applied to a referent group (n=29). Exposure to pesticides was estimated via a detailed questionnaire. For the group of farmers, an increase in mean adduct level was observed during the season (mean RALS0=3.9+/-3.4 x 10(-10), mean RALS4=13.3+/-15.7 x 10(-10); p=0.008; RAL=relative adduct level). The mean adduct levels were significantly different between farmers and referents only in the S4 samples, with higher levels for farmers (p=0.02). The number of different adducts per individual was higher for farmers at S4 when compared with S0 (p=0.02) and compared with the referents at S4 (p=0.03). However, the increase of the adduct level in farmers did not seem to be attributable to the occurrence of specific new adducts in S4 as compared with S0, but was supposedly due to intensification of pre-existing spots and/or appearance of new unspecific ones. This would be in agreement with indirect genotoxic (epigenetic) effects known for several pesticides, even though a direct mechanism cannot be ruled out definitively. The implication of the pesticides used by the farmers in the modulation of DNA-adduct patterns was explored by analysis of exposure data obtained from the questionnaire.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02186889
Contributor : Véronique Andre <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:56:20 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 10, 2020 - 12:44:07 PM

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J. Le Goff, Veronique Andre, P. Lebailly, D. Pottier, F. Périn, et al.. Seasonal variations of DNA-adduct patterns in open field farmers handling pesticides. Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, Elsevier, 2005, 587 (1-2), pp.90-102. ⟨10.1016/j.mrgentox.2005.05.013⟩. ⟨hal-02186889⟩

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