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Benzene-induced mutational pattern in the tumour suppressor gene TP53 analysed by use of a functional assay, the functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast, in human lung cells

Abstract : Recent concern has centred on the effects of continuous exposure to low concentrations of benzene, both occupationally and environmentally. Although benzene has for a long time been recognised as a carcinogen for humans, its mechanistic pathway remains unclear. Since mutations in the tumour suppressor gene TP53 are the most common genetic alterations involved in human cancer, our objective was to establish the first mutational pattern induced by benzene on the TP53 gene in human type II-like alveolar epithelial A549 cells by using the Functional Analysis of Separated Alleles in Yeast (FASAY). Seventeen mutations linked to benzene exposure were found: 3 one- or two-base deletions, and 14 single nucleotide substitutions (1 nonsense and 13 missense mutations). A>G and G>A transitions were the most prevalent (23.5% for both). Other mutations included A>C transversions and deletions (3/17, 17.6% for both), G>T transversions (2/17, 11.8%) and A>T transversions (1/17, 5.9%). Data arising from this benzene-induced mutational pattern affecting TP53, a critical target gene in human carcinogenesis, have been compared with those reported in human acute myeloid leukaemia, the aetiology of which is clearly linked to benzene exposure, and in experimental benzene-induced carcinoma. This comparison suggests that A>G transition could be a fingerprint of benzene exposure in tumours. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that FASAY is a promising tool for the study of the carcinogenic potency of benzene in the human lung.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02186869
Contributor : Véronique Andre <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:50:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 10, 2020 - 12:44:08 PM

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Sylvain Billet, Vincent Paget, Guillaume Garçon, Natacha Heutte, Veronique Andre, et al.. Benzene-induced mutational pattern in the tumour suppressor gene TP53 analysed by use of a functional assay, the functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast, in human lung cells. Archives of Toxicology, Springer Verlag, 2010, 84 (2), pp.99-107. ⟨10.1007/s00204-009-0478-z⟩. ⟨hal-02186869⟩

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